Best West Virginia Online Casino Sites 2024

Are you searching for the best West Virginia online casino sites but feeling overwhelmed by the options? Finding a casino can be daunting, especially when looking for a trustworthy and enjoyable experience.

This article will guide you through the top online casino sites in West Virginia, covering everything from bonuses and game selections to mobile compatibility and legal standing.

As we transition into the heart of our guide, prepare to uncover the ultimate destinations for West Virginia online casino play, we’ve got the recommendations to start you off strong.

Top West Virginia Online Casino Sites

West Virginia stands as a beacon for online casino enthusiasts, offering a plethora of options for those eager to engage in the thrill of gambling from the comfort of their homes.

The state’s commitment to legal and accessible online gambling has led to the rise of several premier sites, each boasting unique features and attractions.

Below, we present a curated list of the best online casinos in WV, emphasizing bonuses, game selection, mobile compatibility, and user experiences.

The most popular online casinos in West Virginia include:

FanDuel Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: FanDuel Casino offers an enticing welcome bonus for new players, including a risk-free betting period where losses are refunded up to a certain amount.
  • Game Selection: A diverse range of games awaits, from slots to live dealer tables, ensuring something for every type of player.
  • Mobile Compatibility: With a user-friendly app, FanDuel ensures a seamless gaming experience on any device.
  • Recognition: FanDuel is renowned for its robust security measures and fair play as a national game provider and sportsbook, backed by its licensing under the West Virginia Gaming Control Board.

I’ve tried multiple of the best WV online casino sites, and FanDuel consistently offers the best user experience and game variety.

Alex M., a frequent player

DraftKings Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: DraftKings Casino is not behind, offering lucrative sign-up bonuses and ongoing promotions that keep players engaged.
  • Game Selection: Specializing in sports-themed slots and table games, DraftKings also boasts an impressive collection of classic casino offerings.
  •  Mobile Compatibility: The DraftKings Casino app is designed for optimal performance, ensuring a smooth and responsive gaming experience.
  •  Recognition: Acknowledged for its innovative approach to online gambling, DraftKings has received several awards for excellence in technology and gaming.

The DraftKings Casino app is a game-changer, literally. It’s where I won my biggest jackpot.

Sarah K., an avid online gambler

BetMGM Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: BetMGM Casino stands out with its VIP program and regular promotions that reward loyalty and frequent play.
  • Game Selection: Offering an expansive library of games, including exclusive titles and progressive jackpots, BetMGM caters to a wide audience.
  • Mobile Compatibility: The BetMGM app provides an intuitive and engaging mobile gaming experience, compatible across various devices. 
  • Recognition: BetMGM has been acknowledged for its comprehensive online casino platform, offering a top-notch gaming experience in West Virginia.

BetMGM has the best loyalty program. It’s rewarding to play where you feel valued.

John M., a casino enthusiast

Caesars Palace Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: Known for its generous welcome bonuses and loyalty rewards, Caesars Palace Casino ensures players feel appreciated from the start.
  • Game Selection: A vast selection of games, from slots to high-stakes poker, mirrors the luxury and variety of its Las Vegas counterpart.
  • Mobile Compatibility: The Caesars Casino app blends functionality with luxury, providing an elegant platform for mobile gaming.
  • Recognition: Caesars Palace Casino is celebrated for its commitment to luxury and high-quality gaming experiences, translating the allure of Vegas to the online world.

Playing at Caesars online feels like a slice of Vegas at home. Their game selection is unmatched.

Emily F., a long-time player

BetRivers Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: BetRivers offers innovative bonus systems and play-through requirements, making it easier for players to enjoy their winnings.
  • Game Selection: A focus on high-quality, engaging slots and live dealer games sets BetRivers apart.
  • Mobile Compatibility: The BetRivers mobile site is highly responsive, offering a seamless gaming experience without the need for an app.
  • Recognition: Its commitment to player satisfaction and fairness has earned BetRivers high praise within the West Virginia online casino community.

BetRivers genuinely cares about their players. Their customer support and game fairness are top-notch.

Marcus B., a dedicated player

Golden Nugget Casino

  • Bonuses & Promotions: Famous for its Golden Rewards Club, Golden Nugget Casino rewards players for every game they play, enhancing the gaming experience with every bet.
  • Game Selection: Offering an extensive selection of games, including exclusive slots and live dealer games, Golden Nugget caters to every player’s preference.
  • Mobile Compatibility: The Golden Nugget app is renowned for its reliability and ease of use, offering a premium mobile casino experience.
  • Recognition: Golden Nugget is distinguished by its exceptional game variety and the high quality of its mobile gaming app, ensuring a stellar online casino experience for West Virginia players.

Golden Nugget’s exclusive games keep me coming back. Their app is flawless.

Nicole P., a regular at the casino

Each of these West Virginia online casino sites brings something unique to the table, from exclusive games and generous bonuses to superior mobile experiences and recognition for excellence.

Whether you’re a seasoned player or new to the online gambling scene, these top picks offer a safe, engaging, and rewarding way to enjoy your favorite casino games online.Top of Form

Choosing the Best West Virginia Online Casino Sites

Selecting the right casino site for your play style can be as crucial as the games you choose to play! With a plethora of options at your fingertips, how do you discern the best from the rest?

From the security of playing at a licensed site to the thrill of a diverse game selection and the convenience of user-friendly experiences, here’s how to discern the best online casino in West Virginia for real money play.

Licensing and Regulation

The cornerstone of a trustworthy online casino in West Virginia is its licensing status. A licensed casino guarantees that the platform operates under strict regulatory standards, ensuring fairness and security for players.

What to do: Look for casinos licensed by the West Virginia Lottery Commission, such as FanDuel Casino, as this ensures adherence to legal and ethical gaming practices. The commission lists licenses and their expiration dates online.

Game Variety

A top WV live casino stands out with its extensive range of casino games. From slots and table games to live dealer options, the best sites offer a rich selection that caters to all preferences. Whether it’s the immersive experience of live blackjack or the latest themed slots, game variety keeps the gameplay exciting and engaging.

What to do: Browse each respective online casino’s website – most will let you flip through the game selections without registering.

Bonuses and Promotions

Casino bonuses serve as a major attraction for players, offering extra value on deposits and gameplay. The best online casino West Virginia sites feature competitive welcome bonuses, deposit match offers, and loyalty rewards. (Savvy players do a quick Google search for “Casino WV online promo codes” or some similar combination, hint, hint!)

What to do: Look for transparent terms and conditions to understand how you can benefit from bonuses like those offered at DraftKings Casino and BetMGM Casino.

Secure and Convenient Banking Options

The ability to easily deposit and withdraw real money is a critical aspect of online casino gaming after all, real money gambling is the whole point! The best sites offer a variety of secure banking methods, including credit cards, e-wallets, and bank transfers. Fast payouts and transparent policies enhance the overall experience, as seen with BetRivers Casino, which offers a huge number of methods from bank and credit cards, depositing at a retail land-based sportsbook, the Vanilla app, or PayPal.

What to do: Of course, pick a payment method best suited to your lifestyle. However, be sure to check on the payments page (or ask customer support) about processing and withdrawal times – also be aware that many casinos require players to use the same deposit method for withdrawals as well.

Cutting-Edge Mobile Experience

In today’s digital age, a seamless mobile experience is crucial. The best online casinos offer intuitive, user-friendly mobile platforms that allow players to enjoy their favorite games on the go without compromising on quality or performance, and the best ones also offer WV online casino apps for gamers on the go.

What to do: Load up a casino’s site or mobile app. Is the interface responsive, loads quickly, and is easy to navigate? It should look 2024 and not 1994.

Robust Security and Fair Play

Trust is paramount in the online gambling industry. Standout casinos invest in state-of-the-art security measures to protect player information and ensure fair play. This includes employing random number generators (RNGs) and being audited by independent third parties.

What to do: A casino’s website should always be secured with HTTPS protocol – you can determine this by looking for the lock icon in the URL bar or the universal HTTPS:// attached to the site’s URL. Also feel free to ask a casino’s customer support team about their security protocols and the provider of their RNG (Random Number Generator.) If they shirk the answers, it is probably best to move on.

Responsive and Helpful Customer Support

Effective customer support is the backbone of a positive gambling experience. Casinos that offer responsive, 24/7 customer service through multiple channels, including live chat, email, and phone, stand out for their commitment to player satisfaction.

What to do: Does the casino offer live chat support, a phone number, or only email? The most trustworthy casinos have many ways to correspond with their customer service team – are there FAQs with reliable answers listed? It is easy to see how well a casino takes care of its gamers, check them out just as well as you would a new doctor or dentist.

Who can play on a WV Online Casino?

The eligibility to play at a legal online casino in West Virginia is clearly defined by state laws, with age and location being the primary criteria. It all starts with the According to the West Virginia Lottery Interactive Wagering Act passed in 2019.

The purpose of this act is to authorize interactive wagering through licensed online casino operators within the state of West Virginia, providing a legal, regulated system of online gambling.

This piece of legislation laid the foundation for the regulation and licensing of online casinos, ensuring a secure environment for gamblers.

The primary requirement is the age limit:

  • Age Requirement: Individuals must be 21 years of age or older to participate in online gambling activities.

Then there are location requirements:

  • Location Requirement: Players must be physically present within the state boundaries of West Virginia to legally play at an online casino. Modern geolocation technology is used by online platforms to ensure compliance with this requirement. The good news is that visitors to the state can play – it’s about location, not residency!

The Act further specifies that:

All interactive wagering platforms must include safeguards to prevent unauthorized access and to ensure personal information and funds are protected and secure.

The laws are great and there to protect players. Follow these two basic rules and you’ll be safe to play!

Legal and Safe Gambling in West Virginia

The thrills of real money online casino play have become a reality for residents and visitors alike in West Virginia, but the journey to this point has been marked by meticulous regulation and oversight, ensuring that every bet placed and every spin taken adheres to the highest standards of safety and fairness.

Understanding the importance of playing at licensed and regulated sites is paramount for anyone looking to engage in online gambling within the state.

The Foundation of Legal Online Gambling

The legalization of online gambling in West Virginia is a testament to the state’s commitment to safe and responsible gaming.

The West Virginia Lottery Commission, the governing body responsible for overseeing all gambling activities in the state, has set forth regulations that ensure best online casino platforms like Caesars Palace Online Casino, BetMGM Casino, BetRivers Casino, and DraftKings Casino operate within strict legal frameworks.

These laws are designed to protect players, ensuring transparency, fairness, and integrity in all online casino operations.

The regulatory framework established by the West Virginia Lottery Commission is designed to protect the players and ensure the integrity of online gambling.

Jonathan Hughes, a spokesperson for the commission

Key Legislation and Milestones

The passage of the West Virginia Lottery Interactive Wagering Act laid the groundwork for the state’s foray into legal online gambling, setting a precedent for other states to follow. This legislation outlines the licensing requirements, operational guidelines, and consumer protection measures that best West Virginia casinos (yes, online casinos too!) must adhere to.

Legal experts, specializing in gambling laws, highlight:

The Interactive Wagering Act is a pivotal piece of legislation that not only enables legal online gambling in West Virginia but also sets high standards for security and fairness that operators must meet.

Michael D. Donovan, attorney

The Importance of Choosing Licensed Casinos

For residents and visitors of West Virginia, the allure of land-based casino experiences has been complemented by the convenience and variety offered by online platforms.

However, the critical factor that distinguishes a legal and safe gambling experience from a potentially harmful one is the choice of a licensed online casino. Casinos like Caesars Palace Online Casino, BetMGM Casino, and others that hold a valid license from the West Virginia Lottery Commission offer the assurance that they operate under strict legal and ethical guidelines.

Officials from the West Virginia Gaming Control Board and consumer protection advocates emphasize the importance of legal and safe gambling practices:

Our goal is to ensure that every player has access to a fair and secure gambling environment, whether they choose to play online or at a land-based casino.

Getting Started with Online Casinos in West Virginia

Embarking on your journey into the world of online casinos in West Virginia is an exciting adventure filled with potential rewards and entertainment, well, because it is! To ensure a smooth start, we’ve created a step-by-step interactive guide that will walk you through the process of registering and beginning to play at an online casino.

Check off each step as you go, you’re going to be playing in no time!

1. Choose a Licensed Online Casino

  • Details: Start by selecting a casino that is licensed and regulated by the West Virginia Lottery Commission. This ensures fairness, security, and legality.

2. Create Your Account

  • Details: Visit your chosen casino’s website and look for the “Sign Up” or “Register” button to start the account creation process.

3. Verify Your Identity

  • Details: Complete any required identity verification steps to comply with legal and regulatory requirements. This may involve submitting documents.

4. Make a Deposit

  • Details: Choose a deposit method that suits you (e.g., credit/debit cards, e-wallets, bank transfers) and follow the instructions to add funds to your account.

5. Claim Your Welcome Bonus

  • Details: Many casinos offer welcome bonuses to new players. Read the terms and conditions, then claim your bonus for extra playing credit.

6. Choose Your Game

  • Details: Explore the casino’s game library and choose a game to start playing. Whether you prefer slots, table games, or live dealer games, there’s something for everyone.

7. Start Playing

  • Details: With your account set up, funds deposited, and game chosen, you’re ready to start playing. Remember to gamble responsibly and have fun!

Tips for New Players

Embarking on the journey of online gambling in West Virginia can be both exciting and daunting for new players. With a myriad of games, bonuses, and sites to choose from, knowing where to start and how to navigate the landscape wisely is crucial.

Drawing from the wisdom of seasoned online gamblers in West Virginia, here are some invaluable tips to ensure a positive and enjoyable experience as you step into the world of online casinos.

Start with Research

Always check for a casino’s licensing and read reviews from other players before signing up.

Jack Thompson, a veteran gambler from Charleston

Before diving into the first casino you come across, take the time to research and compare the best online casino options available in West Virginia.

Set a Budget and Stick to It

Decide on a loss limit before you start and stop playing once you reach it. It’s crucial to view gambling as a form of entertainment, not a way to make money.

Alex Martinez, a seasoned online gambler from Huntington

One of the most important aspects of gambling responsibly is setting a budget for how much you’re willing to spend and sticking to it.

Try Games in Demo Mode First

Spend some time playing the games in demo mode to discover what you enjoy and to practice strategies.

Emily Clark, a long-time player from Wheeling

Many online casinos offer the option to try out games for free in demo mode.

Learn the Rules and Strategies

Take the time to learn the basic strategies of the games you’re interested in. There are plenty of free resources online that can help improve your odds.

Michael Brown, an online gambling enthusiast from Parkersburg

While some casino games are based purely on luck, others require a degree of skill and strategy.

Know When to Take a Break

If you find yourself on a losing streak or feeling frustrated, it’s time to step away. Gambling should be fun, not stressful.

Lisa Nguyen, a wise gambler from Martinsburg

It’s essential to know when to take a break to maintain control.

Use Responsible Gambling Tools

Make use of these tools to keep your gambling habits in check. They’re there for your benefit.

Robert Wilson, a responsible gambling advocate from Harpers Ferry

Most reputable online casinos in West Virginia offer tools to help you gamble responsibly.

West Virginia’s Favorite Online Casino Games

From the cosmic allure of Starburst to the strategic spins of Double-Zero Roulette and the interactive thrills of Free Bet Blackjack, these three top favorite games in West Virginia can speak for themselves on why they’re so loved by players in the state an on our West Virginia online casino list.

The Top 1 Slot Game in West Virginia

Starburst, a creation by NetEnt, has remained a luminous star in the online casino sky since its launch on November 12, 2013. With its cosmic theme, vibrant colors, and engaging gameplay, Starburst has captivated the hearts of West Virginia players, making it the top slot game choice across the state.

Let’s delve into why Starburst shines so brightly among the constellation of online slots available to West Virginian players.

  • Launch Date: 2013-11-12
  • RTP: 96.1%
  • Volatility: Low
  • Paylines: 10
  • Max Profit: x500 Your Stake
  • Min Stake: $0.1
  • Max Stake: $100

Why Starburst is a Favorite in West Virginia

  • Simplicity and Excitement: Starburst combines straightforward gameplay with thrilling features. Its simplicity appeals to beginners, while the potential for big wins keeps seasoned players coming back.
  • Low Volatility: The game’s low volatility ensures frequent wins, making it a comforting choice for those who prefer a steady stream of rewards over the high-risk, high-reward dynamics of more volatile slots.
  • Aesthetic Appeal: With superb graphics and a user-friendly interface, Starburst offers an aesthetically pleasing experience that doesn’t age. The radiant gemstones and classic symbols like BARs and 7s create a visual feast that’s as captivating as the gameplay itself.
  • Engaging Features: Despite its simplicity, Starburst’s bonus features, such as expanding wilds and the both-ways paylines, ensure an engaging gaming session. You aren’t going to get bored!
  • Accessibility: Starburst’s wide betting range ($0.1 to $100) makes it accessible to players with different budget sizes. Whether you’re a casual player or a high roller, Starburst accommodates all types of players.

Where to Play Starburst in West Virginia

Starburst’s popularity is reflected in its wide availability across leading online casinos in West Virginia, including:

  • BetMGM
  • Caesars Palace Online Casino
  • DraftKings
  • Golden Nugget
  • BetRivers

The Top 1 Table Game in West Virginia

As of late 2023, Double-Zero Roulette has emerged as a favored choice among online casino games for players in West Virginia. This variant, also known as American Roulette, distinguishes itself with its unique wheel layout and betting options, offering a distinct spin on the classic roulette experience. The game’s popularity can be attributed to its straightforward gameplay, the excitement of its fast-paced rounds, and the wide range of betting opportunities it provides.

Why Double-Zero Roulette Stands Out

  • Unique Wheel Layout: The double-zero (00) on the wheel adds an extra number, increasing the thrill and challenge as it alters the odds and payouts compared to its single-zero counterparts.
  • Broad Betting Range: Players appreciate the wide variety of bets, from simple red/black and odd/even bets to more complex and specific wagers on numbers or combinations, catering to both risk-averse and high-stakes players.
  • Engaging for All Levels: Double-Zero Roulette is accessible to beginners due to its easy-to-understand rules, while still offering depth for seasoned players through complex betting strategies.
  • Live Dealer Versions: The availability of live dealer versions of Double-Zero Roulette enhances the playing experience, bringing the ambiance of a physical casino into the player’s home with real-time interaction and immersive gameplay.

The Top 1 Live Dealer Game in West Virginia

Developed to bring the excitement of blackjack directly to players’ screens with the added thrill of live interaction, Free Bet Blackjack has quickly become a favorite for its innovative approach to the classic game.

Why Free Bet Blackjack is a Favorite

  • Innovative Features: The aim remains the same as traditional blackjack — to beat the dealer’s hand without going over 21, but this variant introduces unique twists to traditional blackjack rules, such as offering free double down and split bets under certain conditions, adding an extra layer of strategy and excitement.
  • Side Bets: The game often features side bets such as “21+3” and “Any Pair,” providing players with additional betting options and the chance to win based on various combinations of cards.
  • Accessibility: Available across multiple online platforms in West Virginia, it caters to both seasoned players and newcomers with its user-friendly interface and engaging gameplay.
  • Live Dealer Experience: Free Bet Blackjack offers players the unique opportunity to engage with a real dealer in real-time, capturing the essence of a land-based casino atmosphere from the comfort of their homes.
  • Interaction and Engagement: The live chat feature allows players to interact with the dealer and other players, enhancing the social aspect of online gambling.

Land-Based Casinos vs. Online Casinos in WV

The debate between online and land-based casinos in West Virginia revolves around various factors such as convenience, game selection, atmosphere, and personal preferences – after all, who can deny the plush appeal of brick-and-mortar casinos like Hollywood Casino at Charles Town (Casino at Charles Town Races), Casino Club at the Greenbrier, or Mountaineer Casino! That’s the issue, most of the argument is personal preference!

Reasons to Choose Online Casinos

  1. Convenience: Play from anywhere, anytime. Online casinos are perfect for those who prefer the comfort of home or are unable to visit land-based casinos.
  2. Wider Game Selection: Online platforms often offer a broader range of games, including hundreds of slots, table games, and live dealer options not limited by physical space.
  3. Bonuses and Promotions: Online casinos frequently offer lucrative welcome bonuses, promotions, and loyalty programs, providing more value to your gaming experience.
  4. Accessibility: With mobile compatibility, online casinos are accessible on various devices, ensuring you can play on the go.
  5. Privacy: If you prefer privacy while gambling, online casinos offer anonymity and a personal space to enjoy your favorite games.

Reasons to Choose Land-Based Casinos

  1. Atmosphere: The vibrant atmosphere, with live entertainment, the sound of slot machines, and the general buzz of excitement, is something online casinos can’t replicate.
  2. Social Interaction: For those who enjoy the social aspect of gambling, land-based casinos provide an opportunity to meet and interact with other players and dealers.
  3. Instant Payouts: While online casinos may require a waiting period for withdrawals, land-based casinos offer the advantage of instant payouts.
  4. Experience: Visiting a land-based casino can be an entire entertainment experience, including dining, shows, and other amenities beyond gambling.
  5. Physical Presence: The tangible experience of handling chips, interacting with dealers, and the act of physically pulling a slot machine lever can enhance the enjoyment for many.

Is There Any Other Type of Legal Gambling Activity in West Virginia?

West Virginia is not only known for its picturesque landscapes but also for its progressive approach to gambling. Beyond online casinos, the state offers a variety of legal gambling options that cater to different interests, and we aren’t talking only about the lottery! (Even though the lottery is an option!)

Here’s a list of other forms of legal gambling available in West Virginia, along with an interactive element designed to help you explore these options based on your interests.

1. Sports Betting

  • Description: Online sportsbooks were legalized in 2018, sports betting allows residents to place wagers on a wide range of sports events, both online and at licensed venues.
  • Locations: Online platforms and land-based casinos with sportsbooks.

2. Horse and Greyhound Racing

  • Description: West Virginia hosts live racing and simulcast betting for horse and greyhound races, combining traditional sports with gambling excitement.
  • Locations: Racetracks and off-track betting facilities.

3. Lottery

  • Description: The West Virginia Lottery offers a variety of games, including scratch-offs, daily draws, and multi-state jackpots like Powerball and Mega Millions.
  • Locations: Authorized retailers throughout the state.

4. Video Lottery Terminals (VLTs)

  • Description: Similar to slot machines, VLTs are available in licensed bars, clubs, and the gaming floors of some racetracks, offering electronic gaming options.
  • Locations: Licensed establishments across West Virginia.

5. Poker

  • Description: Both live poker and online poker are legal, with several casinos offering dedicated poker rooms for live play.
  • Locations: Online poker platforms and land-based casinos.

Timeline: Key Legislation and Dates

West Virginia legalized online casinos in 2018. It feels like not that long ago with all the choices of casinos to play at, right?

  • 2018 — Sports Betting Legalized: West Virginia becomes one of the first states to legalize sports betting following the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA).
  • 2019 — Online Casino and Poker Bill Passed: The West Virginia Lottery Interactive Wagering Act is passed, legalizing online casinos and poker.
  • 2020 — First Online Casinos Launch: The first online casinos go live in West Virginia, offering players a variety of online slots, table games, and poker options.
  • 2021 — Expansion of Online Gambling Options: New operators enter the market, and the range of available games continues to expand, including live dealer games.
  • 2022 — Regulatory Enhancements and Consumer Protection Measures: West Virginia introduces additional regulations aimed at enhancing consumer protection and responsible gambling.

The Future of Online Gambling in West Virginia

The landscape of real money online casinos in West Virginia is poised for dynamic changes, driven by technological advancements, regulatory shifts, and evolving player expectations. That’s obvious, but how?

  • Emerging Trends: With the groundwork laid for a robust online gambling industry, West Virginia is expected to see innovations in technology, including virtual reality casinos and blockchain-based gaming platforms.
  • Regulatory Evolution: As the market matures, further refinements to regulatory frameworks are anticipated, focusing on player safety, market integrity, and the introduction of new game types.
  • Market Growth: The entry of new operators and the expansion of partnerships with technology providers will likely enhance the diversity and quality of online gambling experiences available to West Virginia residents.

Ready to Play Real Money Online Casino Games in West Virginia?

Navigating through West Virginia’s online casino landscape, you’ve gained insight into selecting the best sites that align with your gaming preferences. Armed with knowledge about game variety, bonuses, and user experience, you can now tailor your online gambling journey to fit your style and aspirations. How will this newfound understanding shape your future betting strategies?

As you ponder the next steps in your online casino adventure, consider exploring the expanding universe of live dealer games. Are you ready to dive deeper and discover the thrill of real-time play against live dealers?

Continue your exploration and enhance your gambling experience by visiting our comprehensive guide on live dealer games in West Virginia.